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Gingivitis and periodontitis

There are two main types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is a minor inflammation of the gums that can be treated quite easily. Usually caused by poor dental hygiene, the symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Oral bleeding when brushing or flossing
  • Red and/or inflamed gums

Although gingivitis is a relatively minor condition, it should not be taken lightly. When left untreated, it will eventually lead to periodontitis, a much more serious disease.
Periodontitis is caused by the presence of specific bacteria that develop in the tissues that surround and support the teeth. When caught early on, it can be treated effectively. However, if left to progress to the more advanced stages, which include receding gums, deep pockets between the teeth and the gums, and eventually, tooth loss, the treatment will be much more complex.
The health of your teeth is intrinsically tied to that of your gums. Speak with your dental hygienist for more information on how to prevent gum disease through optimal dental hygiene.